The WikiLeaks publisher saw his free software project as a powerful tool for democracy, writes Nozomi Hayase
ON JANUARY 13, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange appeared at the Westminster magistrates court in his fight against extradition to the United States. The administrative hearing concerned Assange’s lack of access to legal counsel, making it difficult for him to adequately prepare for his case. His lawyer, Gareth Peirce, told the judge that the UK prison is blocking her client from reviewing key evidence. She has only had two hours with him since the last hearing in December 2019.
Travesty of injustice is woven into the UK legal system itself. This procedural hearing, which was originally scheduled on January 14, was moved earlier by a day at the last minute. This gave Assange’s defence team only one hour with him rather than the full day they had expected.
Assange has been charged with 17 counts of espionage for publishing the US government’s documents exposing US war crimes in Iraq and Afghanistan and torture in Guantanamo Bay. The indictment of Assange is recognised by many free speech groups as the most important press freedom case of our time. Yet, with mainstream media blackout and utter silence of political leaders on this important issue, criminalisation of journalism goes on without much of the public being aware of it.
America’s betrayal of its ideals
WHAT is this prosecution of Assange really about? Why do Americans need to be concerned about this Australian journalist who is charged with violating the Espionage Act by our government? WikiLeaks has radically changed the media landscape. By publishing truthful information about the United States, the organisation came head-to-head with the Pentagon and the Central Intelligence Agency. Yet, effectiveness of his fearless journalism is not the only reason Assange became a political prisoner; designated as an enemy of the state and psychologically tortured inside Belmarsh prison (once known as the United Kingdom’s Guantanamo Bay).
WikiLeaks’s 2010 publication of the Collateral Murder video shed light on a hidden history of the United States. Raw footage of a US Army attack in the suburb of Iraq, carried out under the banner of ‘Operation Iraqi Freedom’ recovered lost pages of history. The unfolding imagery seen from the view of an Apache helicopter reached back to a time before the invasion of Iraq, before 9/11, and even before the nation’s addiction to oil began; to the genocide of the natives in the warfare led by American guns and cannons.
Memories retrieved let people see America’s hypocrisy and betrayal of its own ideals. This, manifested in exclusion of some from the premise of equality of all people, stated as self-evident truth in its founding document.
Carrying on struggles of past
ASSANGE, through his work with WikiLeaks, not only informed the public about America’s troubled beginning but also provided a mechanism for people to redeem its unaccounted past. Throughout history, from the defiance of abolitionists to the women’s suffrage movement, demands for equality came from below. Ordinary people pushed boundaries of the Constitution to make ideals in the Declaration of Independence legally binding.
The 1960s brought political upheaval, and resistance came with full force. Individuals like Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X, through their united words and actions, inspired black people to mobilise in their fight to achieve civil rights. Mario Savio, the spokesperson for the free speech movement instigated the nation-wide student protests against government censorship and restriction of free speech on campus.
In this digital age, Assange, who has won numerous awards for journalism, found a way to help a new generation of America to carry on this struggle of the past. He did this by innovating a new form of journalism online that is run on free software.
Open experiment of democracy
JÉRÉMIE Zimmermann, a French computer science engineer and co-founder of the most prominent organisation in Europe that defends online freedoms described free software as a social contract and noted that it is a way to organise a public sphere.
Zimmermann delved deeper to reveal that the drive behind free software is love. He described how, ‘love is about understanding, understanding of flaws of others and of ourselves’. He then spoke how free software is ‘a joyful practice with a role for everyone where we learn collectively about our flaws, where we learn to fail and love our failures, and learn about our failures’.
With WikiLeaks as a project of free software, Assange brought love to the Internet that could transform it into becoming a powerful tool for democracy. This love shared among the youth who grew up on the Internet fuelled acts of civil disobedience. The former US Army intelligence analyst, Chelsea Manning, lit the spark of conscience, by releasing the largest trove of state secrets in US history. This source behind WikiLeaks disclosure of the Bush administration’s war crimes remains incarcerated for refusing to cooperate at a grand jury targeting the publisher.
From Manning to Jeremy Hammond to Edward Snowden — waves of whistleblowers created an insurgency of contagious courage. People inside the institutions who want change came forward to defy the unjust laws in order to uphold the high ideals. This kick-started an open experiment of democracy, creating a network that seeks to understand flaws, collaborates to amend them and invites all to participate in envisioning a new society.
Claiming our history
WITH this platform of democracy that Assange helped to launch, what did he try to do? Assange came to see how ordinary people are made passive; being tossed around and excluded from vital decision-making processes. He decided to side with those who are oppressed, wanting to help people recognise their own significance.
While being held in solitary confinement in a maximum high security prison in London, Assange was awarded the 2019 Dignity Prize for his support of Catalan people’s struggle for independence and their fight against Spanish police brutality. Just as he aspired to walk alongside Catalans on their path for self-determination from behind the computer screen inside a tiny room in the Ecuadorian embassy, where his every move was monitored by the CIA, he also cared about the destiny of America and what it is becoming.
After the hearing on January 13, while being transported from Westminster magistrates court, Assange looked out at a crowd from inside a police van and acknowledged their support as a man shouted loudly, ‘Stay strong, you will be free!’. Assange sacrificed his liberty so that we could all be free. By releasing documents, WikiLeaks set a frozen history in motion. History is now happening, and Assange’s plight for freedom is our story, where each person has a significant role to play.
Only through each of us choosing freely to respond to this love for the world that Assange has demonstrated, may we be able to claim our own history. Only through love for one another that allows us to see perfection in our flaws, and find beauty in messes and our failures, can we begin to work to correct errors of our leaders — and together to end this egregious miscarriage of justice.
Consortiumnews.com, January 23. Dr Nozomi Hayase is an essayist and the author of WikiLeaks, the Global Fourth Estate: History Is Happening.
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