Malaysia has urged ASEAN to address the civil war in Myanmar’s Rakhine state to find a long-term solution to the Rohingya crisis that affects Bangladesh in many ways.
‘The civil war in the Rakhine state needs to be addressed by ASEAN if the long-term status of Rohingyas is to be fully resolved,’ said Malaysian foreign minister Saifuddin Abdullah on Friday, the second day of a two-day ASEAN foreign ministers’ meeting in Vietnam.
He said as the likelihood of the return of Rohingya refugees remains unlikely and dangerous, the Myanmar government should first provide citizenship to the Rohingyas within its borders, estimated at some 500,000.
Minister Saifuddin said Malaysia maintained its position on Myanmar — that the perpetrators of the genocide must be brought to justice, repatriation that was voluntary, safe and dignified should happen as quickly as possible through consultation with the Rohingyas.
He said ASEAN should constructively engage China and Myanmar, together with Bangladesh, according to the statement shared by the Malaysian foreign minister on his verified Facebook page.
The Malaysian foreign minister said they would continue to provide humanitarian assistance to the Rakhine state, Bangladesh, as well as in Malaysia.
‘Given the current challenges to return for the Rohingyas, those who are in Cox’s Bazar, among others due to the trust deficit against the Myanmar government, which has to be addressed accordingly,’ he said.
‘This includes solutions for education, livelihood, economic empowerment and recognition of cultural and religious identity,’ he said.
Saifuddin said the discourse should be expanded beyond immediate return to a comprehensive discussion on the complexities of the conflict in the Rakhine state.
‘China’s economic and political interest in the Rakhine state and its strong bilateral relations with Myanmar presents an opportunity to influence the latter towards a more creative and comprehensive approach,’ he said.
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a repatriation deal on November 23, 2017.
On January 16, 2018, Bangladesh and Myanmar inked a document on ‘Physical Arrangement’, which was supposed to facilitate the repatriation.
It stipulates that the repatriation will be completed preferably within two years from the start.
Despite all the preparations, no Rohingya turned up on August 22 last year to accept the ‘voluntary’ repatriation offer, prompting authorities to suspend the process for the day.
The first batch of Rohingyas was scheduled to return on November 15, 2018 but it was also halted amid the unwillingness of Rohingyas to go back for the lack of a congenial atmosphere in Rakhine
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