Gale-force winds in Australia merged two enormous fires into a megablaze across land almost four times the area of New York City on Friday, while thousands rallied to again demand action on climate change.
Tens of thousands of Australians rallied across the country calling on the conservative government to tackle global warming and cut back on fossil fuels, as deadly climate-fuelled bushfires burned out of control.
At least 26 people have died, more than 2,000 homes have been destroyed in the unprecedented blazes.
‘The lives that have been lost have been caused by our inaction,’ protester Monty Oldroyd said.
‘The conditions are difficult today,’ said Shane Fitzsimmons, rural fire service commissioner for New South Wales state, after days of relative calm.
‘It’s the hot, dry winds that will prove once again to be the real challenge.’
Temperatures soared above 40 degrees Celsius in parts of New South Wales and neighbouring Victoria, where attention was focused on the two fires that linked to form yet another monster blaze.
A ‘state of disaster’ was extended 48 hours ahead of Friday’s forecast of scorching temperatures, and evacuation orders were issued for areas around the New South Wales-Victoria border.
New South Wales premier Gladys Berejiklian said there were more than 130 fires burning in the state, with just over 50 not yet under control.
On Kangaroo Island off south Australia, the largest town was cut off as firefighters battled dangerous infernos, forcing some residents to flee to the local jetty.
University of Sydney scientists estimate one billion mammals, birds and reptiles have been killed in the fires.
The severe conditions have been fuelled by a prolonged drought and worsened by climate change, with experts warning that such massive blazes were becoming more frequent and intense.
Australia experienced its driest and hottest year on record in 2019, with its highest average maximum temperature of 41.9 degrees Celsius recorded in mid-December.
In Sydney and Melbourne, thousands of people again took to the streets to demand Australia’s conservative government do more to tackle global warming and reduce coal exports.
‘Change the politics not the climate’ read one sign, reflecting an increasingly charged argument over the cause of the fires.
Researchers say the bushfire emergency has sparked an online disinformation campaign ‘unprecedented’ in the country’s history, with bots deployed to shift blame for the blazes away from climate change.
One hashtag in particular, #arsonemergency, has gained traction rapidly and conservative-leaning newspapers, web sites and politicians across the globe have promoted the theory that arson is largely to blame, rather than climate change, drought or record high temperatures.
Timothy Graham, a digital media expert at the Queensland University of Technology, said his research showed half of the Twitter users deploying the hashtag displayed bot- and troll-like behaviour.
‘Our findings show a concerted effort aimed to misinform the public about the cause of the bushfires,’ Graham said.
‘The campaign is nothing on the scale of what we have been seeing in other countries, such as the 2016 US election, but this amount of disinformation in Australia is unprecedented.’
Prime minister Scott Morrison on Friday tried to parry journalists’ questions about whether climate change would make horrific bushfire seasons the norm.
‘Look, we have covered that on a number of occasions now,’ Morrison said testily, adding that reviews will take place once the bushfire season is over.
Towamba volunteer firefighter Tony Larkings, 65, said battling the fires in recent weeks had been a ‘hot, dirty and dangerous’ task.
‘It’s been horrendous. It’s never been like this before,’ he said.
He was deeply critical of Morrison’s response to the bushfires, calling it mere ‘lip service’ and slamming the leader’s response to public criticism.
‘His great statement was ‘I don’t take this personally’. Scott, take it personally,’ Larkings said.
Want stories like this in your inbox?
Sign up to exclusive daily email
More Stories from Oceania