On air pollution of Dhaka

New Age Youth | Published: 00:00, Dec 01,2019


According to Air Quality Index, Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, is ranked worst as the most polluted city in the world. New Age Youth asked students to reflect on the issue and realising the current situation they share their concern and propose necessary steps

Shakil Yeakub
Comilla University

DHAKA, the capital city of Bangladesh, has been ranked the worst city in the Air Quality Index. The scores of the Dhaka simply indicate that how dangerous the Dhaka is to live in. This pollution is responsible for so many diseases like asthma, heart disease, lung cancer and also seriously decreasing the quality of life.

As one of the most densely populated cities in the world, Dhaka is always at the risk of pollution where smoke from brick kilns, smoke from motor and traffic and dust generated from constructions are mainly responsible for air pollution. To be mentioned here is that 50 per cent of air pollution occurs due to illegal brick kilns. Therefore, public health is under potential threat specially the children and aged people are suffering a lot.

So these pollutions should be minimised as early as possible. Steps would be taken to stop burning garbage at waste dump sites, shutting down all illegal brick kilns around the capital, encouraging 100 per cent eco-friendly green bricks kilns, enforcement of law, reducing political interference during of mobile court operations, efficient government monitoring cells and public awareness will be the effective ways to take the pollution under control.

Finally, we should be aware of the consequences of such pollution otherwise we all and the future generations must pay for it.

Rabiul Alam
Jagannath University

NOTHING is more important to life than breathing but increasing air pollution is becoming a dangerous concern over breathing freely. Toxic air is now one of the biggest environmental threats for people who live in Dhaka city because we all already know this city has been ranked as the most air polluted city on the earth.

For increasing air pollution it might be a city of deaths but to bring an end to this, we can take some steps. Firstly, I think population management of city is important because we see most air polluted cities have been accommodating more people than its capacity so their increasing wastages make new concerns.

Secondly, we should reduce the gross use of coal, oil and gas and should reduce the use of private cars in Dhaka city. Thirdly, decentralisation of important government offices, particularly, which are in metropolitan area; shifting these in other cities can be effective so that people related to these not gather in the city.

The government must start using water-based or solvent free paints whenever possible. Besides, big industries and factories should be shifted from the capital because the emission of lager amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon, chemicals and organic compounds into the air mostly pollute the city.

MD Talebur Islam Rupom
University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh

DHAKA is known for its air pollution. Many reasons such as overcrowding, continuous construction sites, brick kilns, raising number of private vehicles, lack of awareness and executing law et cetera are behind this catastrophic problem.

The capital of Bangladesh is considered one of the mega-cities in the world with its extreme number of population and keeping in mind, thousands of people come to live in Dhaka seeking livelihoods every day. Besides, it is the major hub of education with the maximum number of educational institutions whereas country’s largest amount of population is youth.

Dhaka is also the centre of everything in Bangladesh both for governmental and non-governmental sectors including education. To reduce its pressure and population, the city is needed to be decentralised. Then it will be possible to improve the air-quality and preventing it from further lethal aftermath.

For example, Indonesia has recently announced to shift its capital from Jakarta, also known for its poor air quality, to Kalimantan, to reduce the load and to improve the air quality of Jakarta. The government of Bangladesh and other concerned authorities can think about it for its long-time prospect and sustainability and set multiple hubs in other cities.

Perhaps, lacking of administrative awareness and executing the law are equally responsible for making Dhaka unliveable as it is now. Simultaneously, brick kilns, industries illegally are built which is around the city as well as inside. After a conflict of long time, leather industry is being shifted outside of Dhaka. But it was already alarming a decade ago. Consequently, neither there are other options to wait more for implementing solutions nor allow gradual acceleration of necessary steps because the situation is already pernicious — we need immediate steps.

On the other side, governmental construction sites such as road, sewerage system et cetera takes place very often which are also not long lasting. Corruption plays an important role here to assure that the works are not lasting longer. Additionally, private construction such as the real estate sector rarely follows the rules which are supposed to be monitored by Rajdhani Unnayan Kartripakkha and the city corporation. Creating and imposing the law for overcoming air-pollution should be assured as soon as possible.

Because it is understandable that there is natural obstacle like the geographical location and its weather, huge populations and centre of everything have already made the things complex like other vulnerable South and Southeast Asian cities such as New Delhi, Lahore, Kabul, Hanoi and Jakarta. So, it is high time to implement alternative solutions.

Lastly, encouraging the use of public transports for declining the number of private vehicles should come to effect. Cycling for everyday commuting would be a better option since Dhaka is not so big area. In a nutshell, every citizen should contribute to assure that the 400 years old city remains lively and sustainable.

Ujjal Dev Nath
Port City International University

BANGLADESH is one of the most densely-populated countries in the world and has been struggling with air pollution for long. Dhaka, the country's capital, often finds its place among the most polluted cities in global indexes. To combat the situation, I am proposing some steps for the government and the concerned city authorities.

The first, coherence among the city authorities like water, electricity and telephone so that their cutting and digging create less pollution. The second, finishing all the government projects within the scheduled time. The third, planting a lot of local trees to increase the oxygen and reduce the pollution.  

The fourth step should be regularly watering the city roads to reduce pollution of smog and dust during the winter season. And the fifth step should be the government ensuring proper monitoring and implementation of the necessary laws.  

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