India's foreign exchange reserves crossed $600 billion for the first time and as on June 4, the foreign exchange reserves stood at $605 billion, reports Indian media.
With the new mark, India was almost tying with Russia as the fourth largest reserve holder in the world.
While India’s forex reserve was $605.008 billion, Russia’s was $605.2 billion, reports Business Standard of India.
It took just about a year for the reserves to rise by $100 billion, which has generally been the pace of accumulation since Shaktikanta Das became the governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in November 2017.
The RBI must have enough forex reserves to stem a sudden rupee fall, should there be a taper tantrum like event as witnessed in 2013. However, the fast accumulation of reserves has made India be clubbed with other nations in the 'currency manipulator' watchlist of the US government. Das, however, has maintained that the reserves are an insurance for the emerging markets and India will continue to accumulate reserves as needed.
‘Our forex operations are mainly driven by the consideration of maintaining the stability of the exchange rate, which, I think, we have been quite successful in. emerging market economies have to build up their own buffers and RBI is no exception to that,’ governor Das said in the June policy interaction with the media.
The reserves are invested in foreign assets, such as US treasury bonds. However, in a low yield environment, the RBI is also struggling to generate enough returns on its investments. The annual report for 2020-21 showed that the rate of earnings on foreign currency assets was at 2.1 per cent in FY21, compared with 2.65 per cent a year ago, the newspaper reports.
Want stories like this in your inbox?
Sign up to exclusive daily email
More Stories from South Asia