Experts on Sunday demanded an increased allocation in the national budget for the fiscal year 2021-22 for direct cash transfer and food support to disadvantaged communities hit hard by the Covid-19 outbreak.
The government should also allocate more resources for micro, small and medium enterprises to protect employment, they said at a virtual media briefing.
The Citizen’s Platform for SDGs Bangladesh organised the briefing on the national budget for the FY 2021-2022: what should be there for the disadvantaged people.
Substantive liquidity flow to micro, small and medium enterprises, domestic market-oriented manufacturing diversification, post-harvest mechanisation of agriculture and IT-platform-based high value service provision are some strategic priorities for the FY 2021-2022, experts and economists said at the briefing.
The country also needs to create an integrated data base of potential recipients of government supports, including the social safety net, they said.
The government also needs to press all four triggers—consumption, investment, government spending and net export — as midterm approach under the budget, they said.
A minimum two- or three-year time frame to have a robust recovery strategy with core budget, integrating recovery efforts with structural transformation needs and targeted discretionary support to the disadvantaged communities is critically important, they observed.
Although the current Covid situation has adversely affected every citizen of Bangladesh, the impact of pandemic on the marginalised and disadvantaged people is much greater, they said.
Specific policies are needed for these vulnerable groups and the right direction to implement them, they added.
The platform convener, also the distinguished fellow of the Centre for Policy Dialogue, Debapriya Bhattacharya, said that employment was being restored with low skills and low-income jobs with extensive under-employment, growing indebtedness and deepening inequality were increasing during the second wave.
The socio-economic impact and the disproportionate impact on traditionally marginalised communities, low income and low middle-income people will be more protracted than the immediate health emergencies, he said.
He said that current circumstances demanded a special attention to consumption protection of the poor and low-income people, employment promotion at MSME level, boost private investment and public expenditure.
‘We need to push resources to poorer households who have a high marginal propensity to consume and to small entrepreneurs who have a high marginal propensity to invest to have greater fiscal multiplier effect,’ he said.
The disadvantaged population of the country bears the disproportionate adverse impact of lower implementation rate of the annual development programme, he said.
CPD distinguished fellow Mustafizur Rahman, Manusher Jonno Foundation executive director Shaheen Anam, Campaign for Popular Education executive director Rasheda K Choudhury, BRAC vice-chairperson Mushtaque Raza Chowdhury, former Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry president Asif Ibrahim, former Metropolitan Chamber of Commerce and Industry president Syed Nasim Manzur, among others, spoke at the briefing presided over by former Ain o Salish Kendra executive director Sultana Kamal.
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