The country’s export earnings in just concluded year of 2020 fell by 14.57 per cent to $33.60 billion from $39.33 billion in the previous year due to a lower shipment of readymade garment products as the COVID-19 outbreak has hit hard the global business.
According to Export Promotion Bureau data, export earnings in the first half (July-December) of the current financial year 2020-21 fell by 0.36 per cent to $19.23 billion from $19.30 billion in the same period of FY 2019-20.
Overcoming an unprecedented supply chain disruption in March-May of 2020, export earnings began to increase from June but the second wave of COVID 19 started taking its toll on the earnings from October, exporters said.
They also said that the country’s export business faced a dire situation in the first half of 2020 as global buyers halted and cancelled their import orders for readymade garment products due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Exporters fear that the downward trend in export would continue till April 2021.
Export earnings in the second half (July-December) of 2020 almost backed on track but the second wave of the outbreak in the United States and European countries has caused more woes to the exporters.
The EPB data showed that the export earnings in December 2020 fell by 6.11 per cent to $3.31 billion from $3.52 billion in the same month of the previous year.
The readymade garment export in 2020 decreased by 16.94 per cent to $27.47 billion from $33.07 billion in 2019, according to the Export Promotion Bureau data released on Monday.
Out of the $27.47 billion earnings from RMG in 2020, $11.92 billion came in the January-June period and $15.54 billion in the July-December period, the data showed.
The RMG witnessed downturn in export in December with 9.64 per cent fall, which wrapped up the annual export performance for 2020 with an unprecedented fall of 16.94 per cent, Bangladesh Garment Manufacturer and Exporters Association president Rubana Huq told New Age on Monday.
According to the EPB data, export earnings from woven garments fell by 10.22 per cent to $7.02 billion in July-December of FY21 from $7.81 billion in the same period of the previous fiscal year.
The earnings from knitwear export in the first half of FY 21, however, increased by 3.90 per cent to 8.52 billion from $8.20 billion in the same period of FY20.
The export earnings from leather and leather goods in July-December of FY21 fell by 6.24 per cent to $446.13 million from $475.83 million in the same period of the previous fiscal year.
‘In December, woven garment export has posted the worst performance since June 2020 as it declined by 18.07 per cent. Knitwear export managed to have a relatively stable position with negative 0.45 per cent growth in December, thanks to the demand for apparel for home use,’ the BGMEA president said.
‘Given the effect of lockdowns in Europe and the USA and their impact on retail and demand, the worst ever Christmas sales the world has seen, and most of all the effect of price decline (which is around 5 per cent since September 2020), it was a dark year for the industry that we have seen,’ she said.
‘As the uncertainties and stresses caused by the second wave still persist coupled with the relatively poor administration and unavailability of vaccine, and the impact on global economy it would leave, this downtrend in export will probably continue till April of this year,’ Rubana added.
The earnings from leather-footwear exports in the six months of FY21 fell by 1.98 per cent to $278.69 million from $284.33 million while other leather products fetched $112.75 million from $125.70 million with a 10.30-per cent negative growth in the period.
The export earnings from jute and jute goods in July-December of FY21 grew by 30.56 per cent to $668.11 million from $511.73 million in the same period of FY19.
The earnings from home textiles increased by 47.93 per cent to $547.48 million in July-December of FY21 from $370.10 million in the same period of FY20.
The earnings from agricultural products grew by 0.18 per cent to $524.82 million from $523.90 million.
Export of engineering products in the six months of FY21 grew by 57.47 per cent to $264.62 million from $168.04 million in the same period of the previous fiscal year.
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