Life expectancy rate rises to 72.6yrs: BBS

Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha . Dhaka | Published: 01:50, Jul 01,2020


The life expectancy rate at birth has increased to 72.6 years in the country in 2019 from 72.3 years one year ago with women enjoying three years more longevity than men.

Men’s life expectancy rose from 70.8 years in 2018 to 71.1 years in 2019, while that of women increased from 73.8 years to 74.2 years, the latest official statistics said.

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics on Tuesday unveiled Bangladesh Sample Vital Statistics report 2019 prepared under the third phase of Monitoring the Situation of Vital Statistics of Bangladesh Project.

Planning minister MA Mannan joined the report unveiling event as the chief guest. BBS organised the event on a virtual platform. MSVSB project director AKM Ashraful Haque presented the highlights of the report..

Statistics and Informatics Division secretary Mohammad Yamin Chowdhury and BBS director general Mohammad Tajul Islam also attended the virtual meeting.

Crude birth rate, on the other hand, slightly fell from 18.3 in 2018 to 18.1 per 1000 population with urban CBR falling more to 15.9 from 16.1, but rural CBR is declining modestly to 20 from 20.1.

BBS has estimated the country’s total population at 167.43 million on January 01, 2020, including 83.80 million men and 83.63 million women. Total population was 164.6 million in 2018.

The country’s general poverty rate declined to 20.5 per cent and extreme poverty rate to 10.5 per cent in 2019 from 21.8 per cent and 11.3 per cent respectively in 2018, new statistics suggests.

Total fertility rate per women aged between 15 to 49 years marginally declined to 2.04 in 2019 from 2.05 in 2018 with urban total fertility rate declining from 1.68 to 1.67 and that of rural area from 2.38 to 2.37.

Adult literacy rate for 15+ aged population slightly increased to 74.7 per cent last year from 73.9 per cent a year earlier while literacy rate for the population aged over 7 years rose from 73.2 per cent to 74.4 per cent.

Under-five child mortality rate for every thousand live birth dropped to 28 which was 29 one year ago, while maternal mortality rate per 1,000 live births slipped from 1.69 to 1.65. The crude death rate for every 1000 population fell to 4.9 in 2019 from 5 a year earlier.

Mean age of marriage for male was found to be 25.3 years in 2019, slightly down from 25.5 years in 2018, while that of female remained static at 18.9 years for two consecutive years.

Access to drinking water marginally increased to 98.1 per cent in 2019 which remained static at 98 per cent in the previous three years.

Use of sanitary latrine improved to 81.5 per cent last year from 78.1 per cent one year ago, according to the vital statistics.

Electricity coverage improved to 93.5 per cent in 2019 which was 90.1 per cent a year earlier but solar power use fell 3.3 per cent which was 4.8 per cent in 2018 and 5.8 per cent in 2017.

Use of kerosene as the source of light drastically fell to 2.9 per cent from 5 per cent a year earlier, suggest BBS data.

Use of contraceptive increased 63.4 per cent last year which was 63.1 one year ago while use of modern method improved to 62.1 per cent from 61.6 per cent.

Males’ dominance in the families is on the decline as the number of male headed households fell to 85.4 per cent from 85.8 per cent one year ago. On the other hand, the number of women headed households rose from 14.2 per cent to 14.6 per cent.

The internal migration trend slowed to 72.4 per 1,000 population in 2019 which was higher at 72.8 a year earlier.

Crude disability rate per 1,000 population was found lower at 8.4 per cent last year which was 8.5 per cent in 2018.

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