The UNICEF on Wednesday said worsening climate crisis, protracted conflicts, a rising level of mental illness among young people, and online misinformation are some of the most concerning emerging global threats to children.
The UNICEF conveyed it in an open letter issued by the organisation's executive director Henrietta Fore.
In addition to the existing threats to young people, such as access to education, poverty, inequality and discrimination, the inaugural letter warns of emerging threats to children's rights, and outlines a path to stepping up efforts to address them.
The letter was issued as part of UNICEF's commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of a Child - the world's most widely ratified human rights treaty.
‘And your generation, the children of today, are facing a new set of challenges and global shifts that were unimaginable to your parents,’ writes Fore.
‘Our climate is changing beyond recognition. Inequality is deepening. Technology is transforming how we perceive the world. And more families are migrating than ever before. Childhood has changed, and we need to change our approaches along with it.’
The letter outlines eight growing challenges for the world's children - prolonged conflicts; pollution and climate crisis; a decline in mental health; mass migration and population movements; statelessness; future skills for future work; data rights and online privacy; and online misinformation.
On conflict, the letter notes that the number of countries experiencing conflict is the highest since the adoption of the Child Rights Convention in 1989. One in four children is living in countries affected by violent fighting or disaster.
On climate change, the letter warns that children are already having to contend with rampant destruction to the planet and a global climate crisis that has the potential to undermine most of the gains made in child survival and development over the past three decades.
The rise in extreme weather patterns and toxic air, prolonged drought and flash floods are all part of this crisis, and are disproportionally affecting the poorest, most vulnerable children.
UNICEF said it is working to mitigate the impact of the climate crisis and notes that more must be done.
‘Governments and business must work hand in hand to reduce fossil fuel consumption, develop cleaner agricultural, industrial and transport systems and invest in scaling renewable energy sources,’ writes Fore.
The letter also expresses concern that the majority of children will grow up as natives of a digital environment saturated with online misinformation.
The letter warns that an online environment where truth can become indistinguishable from fiction has the potential to totally undermine trust in institutions and information sources, and has been demonstrated to skew democratic debate, voter intentions, and sow doubt about other ethnic, religious or social groups.
The letter warns that online misinformation is already leaving children vulnerable to grooming, abuse, and other forms of exploitation. The results of which could be the creation of an entire generation of citizens who do not trust anything.
UNICEF has been piloting media literacy programme to teach young people about spotting misinformation online, how to fact check online content, and the roles and techniques of responsible journalism.
‘We can no longer rest on the naïve assurance that truth has an innate upper hand against falsehood in the digital era, and so we must, as societies, build resilience against the daily deluge of falsity online,’ writes Fore.
‘We should start by equipping young people with the ability to understand who and what they can trust online, so they can become active, engaged citizens.’
On mental health, the letter cautions that mental illness among adolescents has been on the rise in the years since the adoption of the CRC, and that depression is now among the leading causes of disability in the young.
The letter urges that appropriate promotion, prevention and therapeutic treatment and rehabilitation for children and young people affected by mental health issues be prioritised, and that the stigma and taboo surrounding mental illness be challenged so that treatment can be sought and support provided.
Finally, the letter recognises that children and young people have already created movements across the world in search of solutions to overcome the challenges they - and their peers - face, and calls for world leaders to follow their lead.
‘Children and young people of today are taking the lead on demanding urgent action, and empowering yourselves to learn about, and shape the world around you,’ writes Fore. ‘You are taking a stand now, and we are listening.’
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