There are psychological reasons behind lynching. Firstly, people have no respect in the law enforcement agencies and there is a quarter that thinks that he or she can do anything whatever he or she wishes. Secondly, people now display an acute lack of patience and are intolerant to others’ views. And, thirdly, people have developed a fear to raise their voice against any injustice — which turned them into passive onlookers, said Professor Md Kamal Uddin of the department of psychology, Dhaka University.
‘Those who commit a crime like lynching, they go through a state of madness. This type of sensational behaviour is such that it gives them a certain kind of pleasure in committing the misdeed. This type of people never commits such crimes against those from whom they themselves would be affected. They commit such crimes against people like women and members of the minority community. They commit the crime against those who have almost no means or none to get back at them and with the fore knowledge that there would be no major repercussion and he or she would easily be spared after the incident. Such incidents happened in the past, they have seen a simmering point at present.
Over all, law and order situation is also responsible for providing a backdrop for such collective crime. We can refer to the Nayan Bond incident in Barguna. Nayan Bond and his cohorts were hacking a youth and none had the courage to come forward to help the victim. Police was nearby but the murder was committed, he said arguing that such a crime is premised on the collective passivity.
The professor also pointed out that the people now were suffering from lack of mutual confidence. ‘People have developed mistrust on common people as well as law enforcement agencies. People have now ceased go to take shelter under umbrella of the law. People’s confidence on police have eroded and reached to nearly zero level. As there is a lack of confidence, those who commit lynching get spared,’ he added.
The people now fear the politicians, cannot take police in their confidence, cannot trust that common people will save them in case of danger and the poor cannot go to court to seek justice. People mostly have become self-centred and are compelled to be selfish.
We have to make our systems better so that people can take them in their confidence.
Recently a Dhaka University professor conducted research on food adulteration neutrally and for the interest of common people and, after publishing the research result, a man who does not know ABC of research had threatened the teacher. If such a man threatens a teacher, the state’s responsibility is to arrest him. But it did not happen. So, where is the university teacher’s position in the society? Who will be the role model before a member of the society? You can get a clear message from the incident. A state of lawlessness may occur if one does not respect the other.
The country is facing another crisis – it is not producing qualitative citizens. The beginning of a qualitative citizen will begin between a child’s kindergarten to 16 years. For producing this qualitative development, Dhaka University’s Department of Phycology had opened a course ‘School Psychology’. The government now needs to give importance on mental health of its citizens.
The psychological state of those who commit lynching is not healthy. These issues in the society should be repaired.
Institutional independence is important. Police will have to be allowed to work independently. Full independence will have to be given to the court and the other organs of the criminal justice system. If so, a message will reach the people that if anyone commits any offence, he or she will have to suffer with due punishment. The politicians should have to respect people and be more tolerant. Thus, the overall situation can be lifted out of this chaos.
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