Rural students are lagging behind in pass rate and in achieving highest Grade Point Average 5 in this year’s Higher Secondary Certificate and equivalent examinations results published on Wednesday.
Education ministry officials and educationists blamed lack of facilities and commercialisation of education for the situation.
This year, most of the educational institutions having less than 50 per cent pass rate are from the rural areas, shows the result.
If students with better results were from the metropolitan cities, students from different districts and upazilas were falling behind.
This year the pass rate in combined results is 73.93 per cent and a total of 47,286 students secured GPA 5 under eight general education boards, one madrassah board and one technical board.
The number of total educational institutions was 8,985 in 2019 and this year from 41 institutions no students have passed.
Out of eight general education boards, Dhaka board saw the highest number of institutions — around 1,238 — participating in the examinations.
Dhaka board also saw the highest number of educational institutions — 15 in all — from which no students have passed.
In the same board, the highest number of institutions — 338 in all — were situated from which only zero per cent to 50 per cent students have passed in the examinations.
Meanwhile, in the current year, in 909 institutions all students passed while among them 52 institutions, highest in number, were under Dhaka board.
Under Dhaka board, highest 86.48 per cent students from the capital city, 69.99 per cent from Dhaka district, 70.65 per cent from Gazipur, 73.15 per cent from Narayanganj and 78.5 per cent from Narsingdi passed in the HSC exams.
Additionally, under the same board, lowest 52.07 per cent students from Rajbari, 54.93 per cent from Faridpur and 58.98 per cent from Madaripur passed the exams.
In Dhaka city, highest 15.45 per cent examinees achieved GPA 5.
The lowest percentage of GPA 5 achievers was in Jamalpur — 0.48 per cent, followed by Madaripur — 0.58 per cent and Netrokona — 0.79 per cent.
Under Dinajpur board, the highest pass rate, 76.47 per cent, and GPA 5 achievers, 2,266, were in Rangpur while the lowest pass rate, 57.98 per cent, and GPA 5 achievers, 29, were in Panchagarh.
Under Barishal board, the highest pass rate, 74.17 per cent, and GPA 5 achievers, 704, were from Barishal district and the lowest pass rate, 65.09 per cent, was in Patuakhali and lowest GPA 5 achievers, 69, were from Jhalokati.
As for Cumilla board, the highest pass rate of 86.87 per cent was in Chandpur and lowest pass rate was in 63.51 per cent in Feni district.
Under Sylhet board, the highest or 70.59 per cent pass rate was in Sylhet district and lowest or 60.96 per cent was in Moulvibazar district.
Dhaka Education Board chairman Professor Md Ziaul Haque told New Age that the board had two parts. One part consisted of the capital and districts such as Dhaka, Gazipur, Narayanganj and Narsingdi while the other part consisted of Rajbari, Madaripur and Faridpur dustricts, he said.
‘Poor results of the students from the latter part affected the results of students of the first part,’ the chairman said and added that for that reason the number of institutions with bad results highest in the board.
‘Differences in results of students from rural and urban areas will remain as at rural areas there are shortages of facilities for students,’ he said.
However, as he said, the differences were gradually being effaced between the students from the urban areas and students from districts and upazilas.
The chairman also said that they were trying to strengthen their monitoring over the institutions with poor results.
Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology computer science and engineering professor Mohammad Kaykobad said that in the past the students from rural areas also did better in exams and they were not lagging behind compared with their fellows from the urban areas.
‘However, at present, education has become very costly and only if you pay well you will be better prepared which may ensure good result,’ he said.
The professor also observed that students in the rural areas faced resource constraint, including dearth of good teachers in the educational institutions, which affects the quality of education.
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