South African singer and songwriter Johnny Clegg, one of the few white artists to openly confront the apartheid government in the late 1970s and 1980s, died on Tuesday aged 66, his agent said.
He had been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2015.
A Grammy nominee and Billboard music award winner, British-born Clegg was known by many South Africans as ‘umlungu omnyama’, or ‘the black white person’. He spoke fluent Zulu and mixed it into his traditional folk music, or ‘mbaqanga’.
On its official Twitter page, South Africa’s government paid tribute to Clegg’s achievements.
‘His music had the ability to unite people across the races and bring them together as a community. We send our sincere condolences to his family, friends and fans,’ it said.
‘Clegg has made an indelible mark in the music industry and the hearts of the people’.
Clegg formed the band Juluka in 1969 with the black guitarist Sipho Mchunu at a time when mixing among races was still illegal under South Africa’s institutional segregation.
The 1987 hit ‘Asimbonanga’, a tribute to Nelson Mandela, who at the time had been imprisoned on Robben Island for over two decades, was one of the high points of a glittering career.
He immersed himself in the lives of the migrant workers living in derelict hostels, learning the Zulu language, maskandi guitar and the dance styles the migrants often used to distract themselves from the harsh labour in the mines.
Clegg’s politically charged recordings and multicultural outlook put him in direct conflict with the apartheid government, with much of his music banned from the airwaves and his public performances limited. Apartheid ended in 1994.
In a 2002 interview with Reuters, Clegg was hopeful about the future of the emerging democracy he had helped to build, saying: ‘In five or 10 years we’ll see a more reflective youth culture.’
Clegg received a number of honorary doctorates and awards, including the presidential Order of Ikhamanga.
Want stories like this in your inbox?
Sign up to exclusive daily email
More Stories from Music