Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank abandoned their merger talks on Thursday, with the risks of doing a deal, restructuring costs and capital demands dashing efforts to forge a German mega-bank.
After nearly six weeks of talks, Germany’s two largest banks announced that their high-level negotiations about a tie-up had ended, confirming an earlier Reuters report and raising questions about the future of the Frankfurt-based rivals.
The announcement followed a final in-person meeting early on Thursday between Deutsche Bank chief executive Christian Sewing and his Commerzbank counterpart Martin Zielke, two people said.
Both CEOs said a deal would not have created sufficient benefits to offset the risks and costs of a merger, which had been opposed by unions fearing 30,000 job losses, and raised concerns among investors and regulators.
While the talks are over, investors doubt either bank can go it alone for long given their low levels of profitability.
German government officials, led by finance minister Olaf Scholz, had pushed for a tie-up to create a national banking champion and end questions over the future of both banks, which have struggled to recover since the financial crisis.
Deutsche Bank’s 2018 return on equity was just 0.4 per cent, trailing far behind rival US, and increasingly other European, investment banks, while Zielke said this month that Commerzbank does not have the market share for costly investments, fuelling speculation of an alternative tie-up if talks fell through.
Shares in Commerzbank were 2.1 per cent lower at 1005 GMT, while Deutsche Bank’s were up 3.6 per cent.
Deutsche Bank will now face pressure to make more radical changes, such as cuts to its US investment bank as advocated by regulators and some major investors. It is already looking at a deal for its asset management unit DWS.
‘Deutsche Bank will continue to review all alternatives,’ Germany’s largest bank said.
Employees of both banks immediately welcomed the news, although a senior Commerzbank manager acknowledged it opened the door to further uncertainty as foreign competitors circle.
‘It is clear that others will now come out of the woodwork with offers and ideas,’ the manager told Reuters.
Commerzbank’s chief executive Martin Zielke, has told employees that doing nothing was ‘not an option’.
Both UniCredit and ING Groep have expressed interest in Commerzbank, which is Germany’s No. 2 lender and 15 per cent owned by the government, sources have said.
UniCredit and ING declined to comment after news that talks between Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank had failed.
Some major Deutsche Bank investors had questioned the deal’s logic and were unwilling to step up with any extra cash to get it done, while credit ratings agencies had warned of risks.
The European Central Bank would have asked Deutsche Bank to raise fresh funds before it gave the go-ahead for a merger, a person with direct knowledge of the matter said.
And the ECB’s single supervisory board, which is scheduled to meet on Thursday, had not received a formal application from the banks about a merger, another source had said.
Deutsche Bank on Thursday also published preliminary earnings in which it said it expects to post a first-quarter net profit of about 200 million euros ($223 million), beating analysts’ expectations of 29 million.
‘A merger would have been an enormously complicated and protracted undertaking. In the end, reason has won,’ said Ingo Speich, head of sustainability and corporate governance at Deka Investment, a shareholder in both banks, adding they urgently need to address their strategies.
Gerhard Schick, finance activist at Finanzwende and a former member of the German parliament, welcomed the end of talks but cautioned that Deutsche Bank remains ‘too great a risk’.
‘The bank is still far too large and would probably have to be rescued in an emergency,’ he said.
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