Experts on Thursday stressed the need for maintaining checks and balances among three major state organs — executive, judiciary and legislature, with active and effective mechanism for oversight on the government expenditures.
International Political Science Association (IPSA) chair Zillur Rahman Khan also mentioned the importance of the independence of judiciary, freedom of opinion and freedom of the press in society.
He said this at a regional conference of IPSA jointly organised with Policy Research Institute in Dhaka.
Given the winner-take-all approach to political and economic development in most of the less developed countries, Khan said that the task for ensuring a balanced political development had become vital for leaders.
‘This task cannot be accomplished without an equitable allocation of resources, which involves a deep commitment of leaders to justice and fairness,’ he said.
Khan said myopic mind-set and short sighted political-economic analysis ‘are serious obstacles’ to mutually beneficial regional cooperation.
When asked to provide his views on the state of checks and balances in Bangladesh right now, he said ‘checks and balances is a relative term which varies’ from country to country, situation to situation and culture to culture.’
Mentioning about the government’s claims on awarding development for the people, Bangladesh Political Science Association president Ataur Rahman said giving development curtailing human freedom ‘is not acceptable.’
Stressing the need for maintaining sanctity of the elections, he said, ‘my choices are important when I would vote [to elect] my representatives.’
Liberalism, fundamental rights and quality in judiciary should be maintained at enviable minimum level,’ he said, with consistent effort for institutions in the country.
In absence of the opposition in the parliament, the Daily Ittefaq editor Tasmima Hossain said, regular monitoring would be necessary for containing waste of resources with strengthening the local governments.
Prime minister’s political affairs adviser HT Imam said enacting a law on forming the Election Commission ‘is a must’ for constituting an EC as present system with selecting individuals from lists presented by different quarters was cumbersome.
PRI chairman Zaidi Sattar said ‘winner takes all principle creates problem with concentration of wealth and injustice in social system’ and inequality ‘creates constraints in development processes’.
PRI executive director Ahsan H Mansur, former secretaries Enam Ahmed Chowdhury and Sohel Chowdhury, Research Initiatives, Bangladesh executive director Meghna Guhathakurta, foreign expert Mark Farha and PRI senior economist Ashikur Rahman, among others, spoke at the discussion.
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