Combined pass rate in Higher Secondary Certificate and equivalent examinations fell to an 11-year low while the number of achievers of Grade Point Average (GPA) 5 hit an eight-year low.
The results, published on Thursday, also showed that the pass rate in HSC exam under general education boards fell to a 10-year low. The number of institutions with 100 per cent pass rate was the lowest in eight years.
Students of general and technical streams performed poorly this year as the pass rate decreased by 2.27 percentage points in HSC exams under eight education boards and 5.83 percentage points in HSC vocational exams under the technical education board in comparison to the results in 2017.
Students of madrassahs, however, performed well this year as the pass rate in Alim exams under the madrassah education board increased by 1.65 percentage points in comparison to the results in 2017.
Education minister Nurul Islam Nahid at a briefing blamed comparatively new system of answer script evaluation for the poor results.
Board chairmen and officials, however, said that besides new evaluation system, poor performances of the students of humanities group, bad scores in English and other subjects caused the poor results.
Prime minister Sheikh Hasina, after receiving the results from Nurul Islam Nahid, congratulated all successful students and urged the guardians not to scold their children who could not succeed in their examinations. ‘Scolding them is not a solution, you rather identity the reasons behind their failure and solve the problems.’
She also asked the authorities concerned to reduce the period of exams to avert rumours.
‘If the duration of exams can be shortened, various types of rumours will decrease,’ she said.
‘You took too much time in taking the examinations’ she said, adding that it used to take only seven days to hold an examination during her student life.
At the briefing at the ministry, Nahid said that 8,58,801 of the 12,88,757 examinees passed the HSC and equivalent examinations this year.
The combined pass rate dropped to 66.64 per cent, a 2.27 percentage-point decrease from 68.91 per cent in 2017.
Combined pass rate was 76.19 per cent in 2008, 72.78 per cent in 2009, 74.28 per cent in 2010, 75.08 per cent in 2011, 78.67 per cent in 2012, 74.30 per cent in 2013, 78.32 per cent in 2014, 69.60 per cent in 2015 and 74.70 per cent in 2016.
According to the results, this year 29,262 students achieved highest GPA 5, a decrease by 8,707 from 37,969 in 2017.
The number of GPA 5 achievers was 39,769 in 2011, 61,162 in 2012, 58,197 in 2013, 70,602 in 2014, 42,894 in 2015 and 58,276 in 2016.
This year, the number of institutions with 100 per cent pass rate decreased to 400 from 532 in 2017.
The number of such institutions was 892 in 2011, 1,036 in 2012, 849 in 2013, 1,147 in 2014 and 1,133 in 2015 and 848 in 2016.
No students passed from 55 educational institutions this year, a decrease from 72 in 2017.
For the fifth year in a row, girls did better than boys in pass rate while boys outsmarted girls in scoring GPA 5. This year, 69.72 per cent girls and 63.88 per cent boys passed the exam while 15,581 boys and 13,681 girls archived GPA 5.
In the HSC exam under eight general education boards, 64.55 per cent of 10.72 lakh students passed the exam, 2.29 percentage points decrease from 66.84 per cent in 2017.
The HSC pass rate was 69.80 per cent in 2009, 71.88 per cent in 2010, 72.61 per cent in 2011, 77.25 per cent in 2012, 71.64 per cent in 2013, 76.68 per cent in 2014, 67.25 per cent in 2015 and 73.86 per cent in 2016.
This year, 25,562 students secured GPA 5, decrease by 7,680 from in 2017.
The success rate was 79.14 per cent for science, 68.55 per cent for business studies and 56.46 per cent for humanities group.
The highest pass rate was 70.55 per cent in Barisal board and the lowest was 60.21 per cent in Dinajpur board.
The pass rate was 66.51 per cent in Rajshahi, 66.13 per cent in Dhaka, 65.42 per cent in Comilla, 62.73 per cent in Chittagong, 62.11 per cent in Sylhet and 60.40 per cent in Jessore board.
Under the technical education board, 75.50 per cent of 1.18 lakh students passed the exam, 5.83 percentage points lower than 81.33 per cent in 2017.
Under the madrassah education board, 78.67 per cent of 97,793 students passed the exam, an 1.65 percentage-point increase from 77.02 per cent in 2017.
The number of GPA 5 achievers was 1,244 for madrassah and 2,456 for technical students.
Nahid blamed comparatively new system of answer script evaluation for the poor results.
‘We are taking steps so to seal off loopholes during evaluation of answer scripts. Earlier there were some loopholes in the process but it decreased now,’ he said.
In the new system, introduced in 2017, examiners were provided with model answers and a mark scheme to check the papers, following a research conducted by Bangladesh Examination Development Unit.
Dinajpur board exam controller Tofaazzur Rahman and Jessore board exam controller Madhab Chandra said that poor performance of students of humanities group and bad scores in English affected the combined results.
Tofaazzur Rahman said that 47,000 students failed in exam under Dinajpur board and of them 39,500 failed in English, much more than the past year.
Madhab said that 35 per cent of Jessore board students failed in English against 25 per cent in 2017.
This year 56 per cent humanities students passed the exam which was 58 per cent in 2017.
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