Nazrul’s non-communal stance in his writings, songs and way of life was analysed at a programme held at Poet Shamsur Rahman Seminar Room in Bangla Academy on Thursday.
Bangla Academy fellow professor Morshed Shafiul Hasan presented the keynote paper titled ‘Nazrul: Chiro-bidrohi’ at the solo lecture, which was organised by the academy celebrating Nazrul’s 119th birth anniversary.
Acting director general of Bangla Academy Mohammad Anwar Hossain, also secretary of the academy, gave the welcome speech, while Bangla Academy fellow professor Muhammad Abdul Qaiyum presided over the programme.
Nazrul wrote many of his notable works like Bidrohi, Agnibina, Bisher Bashi and Bhangar Gaan between the years 1921 and 1932. He joined Gramophone Company in 1932. After joining the Gramophone Company he wrote many songs to earn his living. Though the poet penned songs as per demands of his employers, the songs he penned are in no way devoid of feelings, euphony and aesthetic qualities, said Shafiul Hasan.
Nazrul wrote almost 3000-3500 songs and composed many songs penned by others. Nazrul not only wrote songs for radio, plays and films but also acted as a singer in films, directed and anchored music programmes, he added.
The poet wrote songs of diverse genres like modern, jhumur, khayal, toppa, ghazal, raga-based, bhanga khayal and others. Besides, he enriched Bangla music by creating around 17 ragas and could play seven musical instruments like harmonium, dhol, flue, violin, organ, banjo and cornet, said Hasan.
Nazrul created a new genre combining traditional Bangla songs and Indian classical songs. Besides, he introduced Arabian, Iranian and western tunes in Bangla songs, Hasan said.
Nazrul’s non-communal stance is found in his spontaneously written ghazals, kirtans and shyama sangeet, which glorify both Islam and Hinduism. This is how, Kazi Nazrul Islam depicted his non-communal stance, he said.
Though Nazrul’s rebellious works are usually attributed to his stance against the British rule, his diverse songs written irrespective of religion, cast and creed reveal the poet’s non-communal stance, added Hasan.
Following the lecture, renowned Nazrul Sangeet artiste Dr Leena Taposhi Khan rendered two Nazrul’s songs.
The artiste presented Nazrul’s modern song Jao meghduth diyo priyar hate and an Islamic song Kalema shahadate ache khodar jyoti to the delight of the audience.
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