Professional job opportunities abroad drastically shrank for Bangladeshis in 2017, Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training officials told New Age.
They said that Bangladeshi doctors, nurses, engineers, teachers, IT specialists and other professional groups found fewer overseas jobs, during the year.
Migration of unskilled workers, however, increased substantially during the year, they said.
Professional job opportunity shrank for Bangladeshis, mainly due to the United Arab Emirates, Libya, Iraq and Iran keeping their doors closed for Bangladeshis, said BMET officials.
Migration experts, however, blamed the government’s failure to groom professionals according to the requirements of the countries, mostly in the Middle East, said the officials.
The crisis persisted due to the government’s inability to scout alternative job markets for the country’s professionals looking for overseas employment.
BMET records reveal that employment opportunities for the Bangladeshi professional groups drastically shrank abroad over the last six years.
In 2017, only 4,507 Bangladeshi professionals got overseas jobs compared to the preceding year’s 4,638.
In 2012, show the records, 36,084 Bangladeshi professionals bagged overseas jobs, the highest for a single year.
Each subsequent year saw opportunities gradually diminishing for Bangladeshi professionals, according the BMET records.
In 2013, only 689 Bangladeshi professionals got foreign jobs, 1,7 30 in 2014 and 1,274 in 2015.
BMET, however, could not take into account countless professional jobs Bangladeshis bagged on their own initiative after studying abroad.
Dhaka University international relations professor and migration expert CR Abrar said highly qualified professionals seldom seek overseas jobs through the Bureau of Manpower, Employment and Training.
Abrar, also executive director of Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit of Dhaka University, said that Bangladesh could not groom marketable professionals for overseas jobs.
Lack of employment opportunities at home swells the number of educated unemployed youth every year, said Abrar.
WARBE Development Foundation chairman Syed Saiful Haque, also migrant rights organizer, called for providing online registration for the country’s professionals working abroad to get the authentic number of the country’s professionals working abroad.
Bangladesh Medical Association secretary general Md Ehteshamul Huq Choudhury said that the Middle East and Far East countries which used to recruit doctors and nurses from Bangladesh were now producing required doctors and nurses in their own countries.
In the coming days, the overseas recruitment of nurses and doctors from Bangladesh would be declining, he observed, adding, ‘Our nurses and doctors are not so skilled and proficient in English Languages compared to Indians.’
Ehteshamul Huq Choudhury, also additional director general at Directorate of Health Service, said that Bangladesh itself required huge doctors and nurses to ensure services for its own people and so doctor and nurses are not often allowed by the government to overseas jobs.
Institution of Diploma Engineers, Bangladesh public relation and publicity secretary Md Sirajul Islam said that a few electrical and civil diploma engineers who were groomed from the country’s polytechnic institutes were being sent abroad with jobs.
But most of the diploma engineers could not find their jobs overseas due to lack of international recognition of their certificates, he said.
‘There is no mechanism in the country to standardise the skill level of the local diploma engineers with international level recognition,’ he said.
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