Repatriation of the newly entered Rohingyas will take seven to eight years and Bangladesh will need spending between $ 4.4 billion and $ 5.9 billion if the repatriation process is carried out smoothly as per announcement of Myanmar, according to a study report of the Centre for Policy Dialogue.
The CPD on Saturday revealed the findings of the report conducted as part of its first reading on the state of the Bangladesh economy in fiscal year 2017-2018 at a press briefing held at CIR DAP auditorium in Dhaka.
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a memorandum of understanding on November 23, 2017 for the repatriation of the Rohingas and Myanmar state councilor Aung San Suu Kyi declared to take back daily maximum 300 Rohingas.
The research organisaiton also said that Bangladesh would face several challenges—economic, social and environmental—due to the unfolding crisis of Rohinga influx.
A total of 8.6 lakh forced displaced Rohingas took shelter in Bangladesh. Of which, 6,55,000 arrived between August 25, 2017 and January 7, 2018, according to the CPD.
CPD estimates showed that it would take seven years if 300 Rohingas would be repatriated every day and the cost of hosting Rohingas for the period from FY18 to FY26 would be $ 4.4 billion without incorporating inflation and population growth.
It would take eight years and would cost $ 5.9 billion if inflation rate and population growth was taken into account, the research organisation found.
The CPD, however, provided an another scenario where the time of repatriation would stretch to 12 years upto FY 2030 and would cost $10.4 billion if 200 Rohingas were taken back every day by Myanmar.
There would be additional cost for hosting Rohingas arrived before August 2017.
According to CPD estimates, deforestation of 6,000 acres of land for Rohinga camps is equivalent to $ 86.7 million or Tk 741 crore.
CPD suggested the government for ensuring smooth repatriation process and continue energetic diplomacy to accelerate the process.
The government should begin preparation for the post-Geneva follow-up meeting for resource mobilisation, it said, adding that support for Rohinga from the international donors should only be in grants form.
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