The UN Human Rights Council has sought a comprehensive solution to Rohingya crisis within three years as recent exodus from Rakhine State of Myanmar continues for over 100days.
In a resolution adopted in a special session in Geneva on Tuesday, UNHRC asked the UN high commissioner for human rights to track progress concerning human rights situation of Rohingyas, to provide updates and recommendations to the council on a future course of action and to submit report to the UN General Assembly.
China, however, said on Wednesday that the UN resolution expressing grave concern over widespread abuses committed against Rohingya ‘cannot help to ease the tensions and solve the problem,’ reports Agence France-Presse.
The resolution also said that abuses in Myanmar indicated ‘the very likely commission of crimes against humanity’.
‘It will probably complicate the issue and have some negative influence on implementing the repatriation agreement between Myanmar and Bangladesh,’ Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said during a regular briefing, referring to a deal signed in November to start returning Rohingya refugees within two months.
China was one of only three countries that opposed the text, passed on Tuesday with 33 of the council’s 47 member states voting in its favour while nine countries, including India, abstained from vote.
China proposed the voting on the resolution moved by Bangladesh and backed by several countries including Saudi Arabia only to deter unanimous passage of the resolution, a top Bangladesh diplomat said on Wednesday.
The council called upon the Myanmar government to take all measures necessary to provide justice to victims, ensure full accountability of perpetrators and end impunity for all violations and abuses of human rights,
by facilitating a full, transparent and independent investigation into the reports of all violations and abuses of human rights.
It expressed grave concern at consistent allegations of widespread sexual violence including rape and gang rape, killings and other attacks. People found responsible for those crimes need ‘to be investigated’ and ‘to be held to account’, the UN body said.
UNHRC called upon Myanmar authorities to immediately start a process for the expeditious verification of refugees and forcibly displaced people in a time-bound manner that ‘accommodates’ many forcibly displaced people lacking documentation.
It called upon Myanmar authorities to address the root causes of the Rohingya crisis, including by addressing the issue of statelessness of the community by ensuring their equal access to full citizenship and maintain their civil and political rights.
It stressed the need for implementation of the recommendations of the Kofi Annan-led Advisory Commission on Rakhine State to the fullest extent, to allow reconciliation in Rakhine State.
UNHRC called upon Myanmar to provide its fact-finding mission, other human rights mechanisms and the UN bodies with unfettered access.
UNHRC highly appreciated the Bangladesh government to provide safety, temporary shelter and humanitarian assistance for those who crossed the border.
It encouraged Bangladesh to continue these efforts until conditions in Myanmar were conducive to the safe, voluntary, sustainable and dignified return of Rohingyas.
Over 6,26,000 Rohingyas, mostly women, children and aged people, entered Bangladesh, fleeing unbridled murder, arson and rape during ‘security operations’ by Myanmar military in Rakhine, what the United Nations denounced as ethnic cleansing, between August 25 and December 2.
The ongoing Rohingya influx took the total number of undocumented Myanmar nationals and registered refugees in Bangladesh to over 10,45,000 till Sunday, according to estimates by UN agencies.
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