Melbourne has topped a list of the world’s most liveable city for the seventh year running but terrorism and diplomatic tensions are eroding living conditions worldwide, an annual report from the Economist has found.
The Australian city was ranked number one out of 140 cities, slightly ahead of the Austrian capital Vienna, with the Canadian trio of Vancouver, Toronto and Calgary competing the top five.
‘This is a win for all Victorians, who contribute so much to making Melbourne the best place to live in the world,’ said Victorian state premier Daniel Andrews.
The survey, released Wednesday, scores cities on five broad categories: stability; healthcare; culture and environment; education and infrastructure. The Economist’s Intelligence Unit found that medium-sized cities in wealthy countries fared best.
‘These can foster a range of recreational activities without leading to high crime levels or overburdened infrastructure,’ the report said.
The Economist Intelligence Unit’s 2017 Global Liveability Report notes that a decade of declines in the ease of living has now stabilised, although a number of cities have suffered from the ‘spreading perceived threat of terrorism’, reports Reuters.
Major hubs like New York, London, Paris and Tokyo were hives of activity but lost points due to high levels of crime and overcrowded public transport. More broadly, global stability continued to weaken due to the increase in terror-related incidents worldwide.
‘Violent acts of terrorism have been reported in many countries, including Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, France, Pakistan, Sweden, Turkey, the UK and the US,’ the report found. ‘While not a new phenomenon, the frequency and spread of terrorism have increased noticeably and become even more prominent,’ it added.
The United States had seen a decline in a number of its cities over the past few years related to growing unrest. ‘This stems in part from unrest related to a number of deaths of black people at the hands of police officers,’ the report found.
‘In addition, the country has seen protests held in response to president Trump’s policies and executive orders,’ it observed. It said increased diplomatic tensions – from Russia and the Ukraine, to North Korea’s nuclear threat and Iran’s relationship with its neighbours – was leading to declining stability scores around the world.
Here are the EIU’s top 10 cities to live in: Melbourne, Vienna, Vancouver, Toronto, Calgary, Adelaide, Perth, Auckland, Helsinki and Hamburg. And the 10 least liveable cities in reverse order are: Kiev, Douala, Harare, Karachi, Algiers, Port Moresby, Dhaka, Tripoli, Lagos and Damascus.
The five most improved cities over the past five years are Tehran, Dubai, Abidjan, Harare and Colombo – although all remain in the lower half of the 140 cities included. The biggest decliners are Kiev, Damascus, Tripoli, Detroit and Moscow.
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