BANGLADESH becoming one among the countries having the highest rate of suicide, as New Age Xtra reported on July 28, is disparaging. The World Health Organisation has, in a recent document, come up with the fact that eight among every 100,000 people commit suicide in Bangladesh. Statistics available with the Bangladesh Police also show an upward trend in people committing suicide — 9,665 people committed suicide in 2010 while the figure increased to 10,108 in 2012. The police statistics further show that more than 30,000 people committed suicide in 2013–2014 and 2016. What is worrying about the figures is that people aged between 20 years and 40 years account for the majority of the cases. Further worrying is that now even children come to commit suicide. At least 76 children, according to reports compiled by Bangladesh Shishu Adhikar Forum, committed suicide this year till May. The figure for the duration between 2013 and 2016 stands at 534. Such a situation calls out the government on not only taking up the issues of suicide seriously but also working out to get to the reasons for suicide or attempted suicide and eliminate them for a better society.
Experts and psychologists have listed complexities in personal relations, failed affair of love, troublesome family issues, harsh financial condition, stress at work, physical and mental abuse, rape, academic failures, drug addiction, among a host of other issues, as reasons for suicide. Many of these reasons stem from failures of the government, society and family. While the government and society can directly attend to some of the problems, they can also do something which will indirectly help to stop people committing suicide. There are reported cases where people have committed suicide after failing to have access to justice. A man and his daughter killing themselves in the railway after the daughter’s rape is a case in point. There have been reports of students committing suicide after they had failed to pass the Higher Secondary Certificate Examinations. Family and society have, in this case, clearly failed to impress upon the students that poor results or coming out unsuccessful in public examinations is never big enough for people to take their lives. As young minds are often pregnable, they come to decide to commit suicide, and in many cases, actually do this, accounting for a large share of the people who commit suicide. The government, society and family have, thus, a role to instil in young minds the value of life by learning to behave in a manner that could prove deterrent in such cases.
The government, society and family, under such a situation, must do some introspection to get to the reasons, familial, social or political, that prompt people to commit suicide. Taking experts and psychologists on board, the government then must work out a comprehensive plan, in all spheres, to eliminate the reasons for committing suicide so that valuable lives could be saved.
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