CHINA has achieved the almost impossible — a free trade agreement with 14 countries — the ten ASEAN, plus Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand, altogether 15 countries, including China. The so-called Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, or RCEP, was in negotiations during eight years — and achieved to pull together a group of countries for free trade, ie some 2.2 billion people, commanding some 30 per cent of the world’s GDP. This is a never before reached agreement in size, value and tenor. The RCEP was signed during the 37th ASEAN summit on November 11 in Vietnam.
On top of being the largest such trade agreement in human history, it also associates with and binds to the Belt and Road Initiative, or One Belt, One Road, or also called the New Silk Road, which in itself comprises already more than 130 countries and more than 30 international organisations. In addition, China and Russia have a longstanding strategic partnership, containing bilateral agreements that also enter into this new trade fold — plus the countries of the Central Asia Economic Union, consisting mostly of former Soviet Republics, are also integrated into this eastern trade block.
The conglomerate of agreements and sub-agreements between Asian-Pacific countries that will cooperate with the RCEP, is bound together by, for the west a little-understood Asian Pact, called the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, founded on June 15, 2001 in Shanghai as an intergovernmental organisation composed of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The SCO’s purpose is to ensure security and maintain stability across the vast Eurasian region, join forces to counteract emerging challenges and threats, and enhance trade as well as cultural and humanitarian cooperation.
Much of the funding for RCEP and BRI projects will be in the form of low-cost loans from China’s Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank and other Chinese and participating countries’ national funding sources. In the hard times emerging from the COVID-19 crisis, many countries may need grant assistance to be able to recover as quickly as possible their huge socioeconomic losses created by the pandemic. In this sense, it is likely that the new Silk Road may enhance a special ‘Health Road’ across the Asian continent.
The real beauty of this RCEP agreement is that it pursues a steady course forward, despite all the adversities imposed by the west, foremost the United States of America. In fact, the RCEP may, as ‘byproduct’, integrate the huge continent of Eurasia that spans all the way from western Europe to what is called Asia and covering the Middle East as well as North Africa, of some 55 million square kilometres.
The crux of the RCEP agreement’s trade deals is that they will be carried out in local currencies and in yuan — no US dollars. The RCEP is a massive instrument for dedollarising, primarily the Asia-Pacific Region, and gradually the rest of the world.
Much of the BRI infrastructure investments, or New Silk Road, may be funded by other currencies than the US dollar. China’s new digital Renminbi or yuan soon being rolled out internationally as legal tender for international payments and transfers, will drastically reduce the use of the dollar. The new digital RMB will become attractive for many countries which are fed up with being subjected to US sanctions, because using the US-dollar, they automatically become vulnerable to being punished with dollar blockages, confiscations of resources, whenever their international ‘behaviour’ doesn’t conform with the mandates of Washington.
Even country reserves can be stolen, a crime perpetrated by Washington with impunity and with the help of the United Kingdom, in full sight of the world, stealing 1.2 billion dollars’ worth of Venezuelan gold deposited with the Bank of England. Only a cumbersome lengthy legal process in UK courts initiated by Venezuela could eventually free the funds to be returned to the jurisdiction of Caracas. This is a warning for many countries, who want to jump the fiat-dollar-ship and join an honest trading and reserve currency, offered by China’s solid and stable economy-backed RMB/yuan.
The dollar is already today in decline. When some 20–25 years ago about 90 per cent of all worldwide held reserve assets were denominated in US dollars, this proportion has shrunk by today to below 60 per cent — and keeps declining. The emerging international RMB/yuan, together with an RCEP- and BRI-strengthened Chinese economy, may further contribute to a dedollarisation, as well as dehegemonisation of the United States in the world. Simultaneously and progressively the international digital RMB/yuan may also be replacing the US dollar/euro reserves in countries’ coffers around the globe.
The US dollar may eventually return to be just a local US currency, as it should be. Under China’s philosophy, the unilateral word will transform into a multipolar world. The RCEP and New Silk Road combination are rapidly pursuing this noble objective, a goal that will bring much more equilibrium into the world.
FOR the west adapting to this new reality may not be easy. Cooperation instead of competition has never been a western concept or philosophy. For hundreds if not thousands of years the western dominance has left a sad legacy of exploitation of the poor by the rich colonial masters and of bloody wars.
Cooperation instead of competition and warring for power, is a concept not easily adhered to by the west. It is clearly visible by US-instigated trade wars, and possibly a currency war between the US and China may already be in the making. The US Federal Reserve System has vaguely expressed its plans to also launch a digital, possibly cryptic, blockchain-based currency to counter the new RMB/yuan — not yet even launched internationally. Details of the FED’s plans are at the time of this writing not clear.
Having to adapt to the new RCEP, conforming to an agreement among equals, will not come easy for the west. The west will not let go and may use to the utmost possible, its creation and western biased World Trade Organisation, to sabotage as much as possible the RCEP’s trade deals and BRI infrastructures, as well as cross-border industrial development advances.
The west, led by the US — and always backed by the Pentagon and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, may not shy from threatening countries participating in China’s projects, but to no avail. Under Tao philosophy, China will move forward with her partners, like steadily flowing water, constantly creating, avoiding obstacles, in pursuit of her noble goal — a world in peace with a bright common future.
IN CONCLUSION, the RCEP is a Chinese masterpiece with Chinese characteristics and is paving the way for further progressing towards a world community with a shared future for mankind. The underlying principle is a community of sovereign nations, living, working, building, inventing, creating and culturally enriching each other in peace.
New Eastern Outlook, November 20. Peter Koenig is an economist and geopolitical analyst.
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